Index notation is a way of writing tensors using indices.

Einstein summation convention

The Einstein summation convention is a way of simplifying the notation of summation over indices that range over a set. For example, given indices that range over the set {1,2,3}, we write

y = \sum_{i = 1}^3 c_i x^i = c_1 x^1 + c_2 x^2 + c_3 x^3,

which is simplified by the Einstein notation as such:

y = c_i x^i.

Identities

  1. a_{ij}(x_j + y_j) \equiv a_{ij}x_j + a_{ij} y_y
  2. a_{ij} x_i y_j = a_{ij} y_j x_i
  3. a_{ij} x_i x_j = a_{ji} x_i x_j
  4. (a_{ij} + a_{ji})x_i x_j = 2a_{ij} x_i x_j
  5. (a_{ij} - a_{ji})x_i x_j = 0

Non-identities

  1. a_{ij}(x_i + y_j) \ne a_{ij}x_i + a_{ij} y_j
  2. a_{ij} x_i y_j \ne a_{ij} x_j y_i
  3. (a_{ij} + a_{ji})x_i y_j \ne 2a_{ij} x_i y_j
09:45 Saturday 15 May 2021